Many people are lauding CBD as a wonder remedy especially for pets, but as much as CBD or cannabidiol oil is enjoying explosive popularity these days, so do regulations get set in stone.
Some known CBD products have been banned recently in Massachusetts, which led to a lot of surprise and confusion not only to pet owners but also local farmers who cultivate and harvest Cannabis sativa, the source plant from which CBD is derived.
Local Entrepreneur’s Plight
Business partners Andrew Wilkinson and Adam Souza told Boston25 News that they were supposedly a couple of months away from their first harvest of industrial hemp. They have been researching the industry for a time and made several surprising discoveries along the way.
Wilkinson and Souza learned that there was a lot to be uncovered regarding the cultivation of hemp, which is where CBD is derived from. It seems like the growers are at a standstill, what with half the farmers unable to plant their crop in a 750-acre, government-approved land for hemp.
This occurrence may be attributed to the fact that recently rolled out state regulations indicate that most commercially saleable CBD-containing products are banned from being sold. These include food that is mixed with CBD and as well as consumable CBD-infused items that are claiming medicinal or therapeutic effects.
Pet CBD Industry Affected
Some popular CBD oil products for pets are affected by the ban, too.
Angell Animal Medical Center Veterinarian Virginia Sinnott-Stutzman stated that most pet owners use CBD oil for virtually any condition such as urinary incontinence, seizures, and anxiety, among others.
She reiterated, however, that CBD oil does not have any clinical proof relating to the efficacy of such product for animals.
Dr. Sinnott-Stutzman further added that some of the claimed positive results by pet owners are mostly due to CBD’s placebo effect. This is the involvement of a user’s belief in the substance’s ability to cure an ailment.
This rings true for pet owners who firmly believe that their pet’s condition improved after using CBD oil.
CBD oil might be a flourishing product in the pet industry, but it also finds a place in other markets, as Souza and Wilkinson asserts. CBD-infused products like salves, lotions, bath bombs, and cartridges are also fairly available for commercial use.
Wilkinson added that local farmers are deeply affected with such crippling regulations; however, they also cannot do anything save waiting for a turnaround.
Cannabidiol or CBD is a non-psychoactive derivative of Cannabis sativa, the same source plant from which marijuana is made from. It recently became legalized in many states following the signing of the 2018 Farm Bill into law.
Although the regulations surrounding CBD is hazy, particularly since the FDA has warned against the consumption of CBD-infused products, many supporters are hoping to get fairer and clearer guidelines regarding the said substance.
Currently, CBD in Massachusetts is a topic of confusion, but it can be noted that CBD stores popping up everywhere.
Under the Federal law of the US, CBD oil extracted from hemp is legal.
Untested CBD-infused Products Could Pose Health Risks as Market Grows Stronger
Cannabidiol products have recently spiked in sales and availability, granted by its popularity as an alternative cure to anxiety and pain. However, medical authorities warn about the potential health hazards of CBD and the many unproven therapeutic claims of the said substance.
Cronos, a Canadian company, recently bought a $300M CBD company, 7-Eleven stores now have CBD-dispensing robots, and HempAmericana Inc. started a live e-commerce portal to foster online CBD sales.
Dr. Dipesh Navsaria, director of the University of Wisconsin’s Doctor of Medicine-Master of Public Health Program, stated that cannabidiol might have numerous benefits, but most of these claims have not been tested for accuracy.
He cited the clinical trials of CBD for intractable seizures as the only benefit proven to be true. Intractable epilepsy is a kind of seizure that does not respond to therapy or any treatment. The CBD-containing drug, Epidiolex, is the only FDA-approved cannabidiol medication given for such cases.
Navsaria reiterated that several claims lack strong evidence for them to count.
Earlier this year, the FDA gave out warning letters to companies that sell new yet unapproved drugs that allegedly have CBD. Three of these firms are located in Florida.
CBD is widely available in stores and online, including big retailers like Walgreens.
Navsaria pointed out the lack of guarantee in terms of a product’s purity, and its active ingredients are what make it hard for medical practitioners to say yes to patients asking whether they can try CBD. It’s is the same dilemma they face for homeopathic remedies and herbal supplements, Navsaria added.
Research on CBD
Forbes revealed cases of people testing positive in urine drug tests from using CBD. This situation poses a risk for people whose jobs stipulate routine drug testing.
Natalie Schmitz, associate professor at the University of Wisconsin School of Pharmacy, studied the labeling accuracy for CBD products in her research. She stated that the literature related to CBD is limited and cannot support the claims of effectiveness.
She added that further research should be done to support all claims, including the benefits of CBD for pain and anxiety so that a conclusive statement can be made.
Some studies show how CBD can cause liver problems. There is also evidence of the substance causing several side effects like irritability, fatigue, and nausea.
Schmitz further stated that there is a need for FDA-approved guidelines for standardization and state-proposed quality measurements to help ensure that CBD products do not pose health hazards for the public.
Navsaria said that people should question products that are claiming to have several benefits without proper evidence. He cited profit motive as a drive for the proliferating CBD market. He believes that sellers are taking advantage of the trend to maximize sales, making it questionable whether these products are actually made to help people.
He further added that claims could easily be made, but there is little to no support over its factual value.
Heads Up: TSA Officers Might Not Like Your CBD Oil
Cannabidiol or CBD is the wonder cure that the world is gradually noticing; Forbes reported a forecast of the industry growing to $5B this year. However, various rules and regulations in the United States question the absolute legality of the substance.
According to Dr. Peter Grinspoon from the Harvard Medical School, the confusion regarding CBD stems from it being a derivative of marijuana’s cousin plant variety, the industrial hemp. CBD is also an essential component of medical marijuana but does not cause the “high” from use.
Many agencies have changed their stance regarding the substance, including the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), that previously disallowed travelers from carrying CBD on board. Last May, the TSA remarked that CBD is allowed provided that it does not contain more than 0.3% THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, the compound responsible for marijuana’s high.
Questions about TSA’s New Rule
The public raised important questions about the new rules on CBD that TSA is currently implementing. For instance, people wonder how enforcers will check the THC content of a product, so they know if it contains the right amount or not. This situation, however, can hold lines and cause disturbance for other travelers, which also leads to many issues concerning CBD.
For another, state laws and regulations are varied and hold no consistency regarding the matter. Hemp and hemp-derived products may be legal in almost all states, but cannabis purchase and use are still primarily frowned upon across the country.
What might be wise to do at this point is to evaluate the product carefully and ensure that it meets all the TSA qualifications. As a personal care product, it’s far from being a harmful item that officers watch out for, such as weapons, explosives, and other destructive equipment.
Minchul An, doctor of pharmacy for CBD seller Buzzn, suggests carrying a certificate of analysis to clarify the product’s ingredients, which could help supplement the information found on the labeling. However, this document may only be available upon request.
Varying degrees of state rules and regulations
In the United States, laws and regulations for CBD differ from state to state.
Travis Rexroad, Weedmaps public relations director, stated that there are nuances to consider when flying with CBD on hand. He added that although the federal government has made its move to legalize CBD derived from hemp, there are still states that implement stricter laws on the substance. This could lead to travelers facing the consequences if they are found to have CBD with them.
NBC Miami reported the case of a 69-year0old lady who was arrested at Disney World Florida last April when authorities found CBD in her purse. They detained her for 15 hours for carrying what she said was a doctor-recommended product for her arthritis.
CO-Head William Garvin of Buchanan Ingersoll & Rooney, a law firm that advocates for the cannabis industry, said that CBD is nothing like the usual consumer products. He made an example of Diet Coke, which one can buy in Missouri and carry all the way to Montana. This case is not acceptable to CBD due to conflicting laws between states.
Experts and advocates like An and Garvin do not advise traveling with CBD due to the risks. Expensive CBD products could be confiscated, or worse, the traveler could miss their flight. All of these problems are dependent on the destination and the laws on CBD that the state implements.
Garvin added that it’s more practical to buy CBD oil from wherever the traveler is going to since it is widely available across many states. Ultimately, it is up to the person carrying CBD if they are amenable to facing the risks of traveling with the product.
CBD Gummies Found in Kentucky Trick-or-Treat Candy
Law enforcers in Williamsburg, Kentucky warn parents regarding trick-or-treat candy. The police have received a report that some CBD gummy bears were included in some trick or treating loot bags.
The law enforcers further determined that the case was an isolated incident. Parents sent word to the police about the said candy bags that seemed suspicious.
Police are still warning parents to watch out for CBD gummies and check their kid’s Halloween candy. They urge parents to report any suspicious sweets they find in the loot bag and contact authorities as soon as possible. Parents are also advised to throw out the candy they find suspicious.
CBD sweets: are they useful?
CBD gummies were the most Googled edibles in the US last year. However, much like other CBD products, there aren’t many studies that back claims on CBD gummies.
Research by Joseph Maroon, MD from the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center showed CBD to have promising effects on pain, inflammation, and anxiety, but it is limited to pure preparations of the compound.
While clinical evidence is hard to come by, users are still praising CBD products for being a “miracle” remedy for many health conditions. Aside from pain and anxiety, two of the most reasons for CBD use, people also claim its relaxing effect.
Others use CBD to help them sleep better, which is a therapeutic benefit that is yet to be proven.
CBD or cannabidiol is now a widespread ingredient for many wellness products such as tinctures, pills, lotions, creams and more. There is also a growing market for CBD water, or sparkling water incorporated with cannabidiol.
Are CBD gummy candies legal?
There is still a lot of controversy surrounding CBD in spite of its popularity. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warns consumers regarding CBD edibles since there aren’t many studies to back up different claims.
As of press time, there is only one medication containing CBD approved by the FDA. Epidiolex is a CBD drug used to treat intractable epilepsy, which doctors can legally prescribe.
Many states have become amenable to the purchase and use of CBD. However, the FDA stance has put a halt to CBD ventures, especially that of the edible kind. Various politicians, including a bipartisan coalition in the Senate, has penned a letter to the FDA, urging the agency to hasten the development of a concrete regulatory framework for CBD.
CBD candies’ legality is up for debate, but users are keying in on this product because it looks and tastes just like regular gummies. There are a variety of flavors, shapes, and colors to choose from. Users prefer this form of CBD because it is easy to ingest.
The federal law based on the 2018 Farm Bill holds in all the states, making industrial hemp legal for cultivation, processing, and marketing. However, hemp and hemp-derived products like CBD should not have more than 0.3% level of THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, the active component in cannabis that causes psychoactive effects like that in marijuana.
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