These days, the commercial market is teeming with CBD-infused items that people consider as a promising cure for problems like anxiety and sleep deprivation. However, do they really deliver results?
Natalie from Wakefield, a mother of one, put in a request to researchers to test a certain CBD oil of an unnamed brand she bought online to treat her anxiety.
The mother remained hesitant about taking the CBD product because she had no prior knowledge about the said treatment, or what it contained. She also stated that she had no idea what taking it with her anti-depressants would cause; and also, the fact that researchers found out that the product contained four times more than the legal THC limit set by authorities.
CBD oil, which is a product from the hemp derivative cannabidiol, is non-psychoactive and does not have a high THC level like in marijuana and therefore does not cause a “high” when ingested.
BBC Investigation on CBD
BBC has revealed an investigation relating to various CBD-infused products in the high street market and online. They discovered that such products may contain four times more THC than the allowable limit, while some products did not contain any cannabidiol at all.
As per their report, BBC tested 12 CBD products from different brands wherein 9 bottles showed positive for THC—two of them having more than the lawful limit. One bottle did not have any CBD component at all.
In the UK, THC in cannabis-derived products is set to a 1mg or less limit with no regard to container size.
Natalie met a scientist and a hemp farmer, which was a part of BBC’s documentary in an effort to understand the side effects of CBD oil. They uncovered certain complexities of the oil and how it is produced.
CBD in Investigation
Natalie is a mother to a boy, now three years old, which motivates her to see the back of her anxiety that has yoked her for quite some time. She stated that the prescription drugs were not as effective.
Trying CBD for her came as a result of several bits of advice, albeit conflicting, about the advertised relaxing effect of said oils. She was aware that these products are advertised as a natural remedy to various conditions.
Natalie set out to meet a farmer from East Yorkshire Hemp near Hull to ask about cannabis. She found out, as per the documentary, that UK laws restrict farmers from harvesting the flower and leaf parts of Cannabis sativa, the source plant of cannabidiol. Therefore, CBD oils in the UK are produced abroad.
This finding discredited her notion that CBD oil found in UK stores were homegrown. Local farmers apparently can’t cultivate cannabis.
She then met with a scientist from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience at the King’s College London. The said scientist, Dr. Elizabeth Appiah-Kusi, is an expert on the subject.
Dr. Appiah-Kusi stated that CBD is well-tolerated and relatively safe based on studies she had done involving people treated with cannabis for psychosis. However, they used higher dosages than the product Natalie bought, which was at 2.5 mg per drop.
The scientist has yet to determine whether the popular high-street versions of such oils really work as users say, or if they only render a placebo effect to patients.
What Test Results Revealed
Natalie brought the CBD product to a laboratory in Essex to be tested. The results revealed that the THC level in the product was higher than the allowed limit set by the law. This matched the company’s description on the website, but still illegal based on regulations.
Eos Scientific Chief Executive Simon Manthorpe said that the tests they ran may have revealed 4 mg of THC, but that Natalie should not be alarmed since this amount doesn’t cause any notable side effects to any person.
He further added that a much higher level of THC is required to deliver psychoactive responses and that Natalie should not fear CBD-infused products because of this experience.
Despite the findings, Natalie still is not convinced that taking CBD oil is the solution to her problem. She stated that she wouldn’t be ready to take it unless more tests and studies are completed. However, her mind is open to the possibility of taking such a product for her anxiety.
As of writing, Jersey Hemp is the sole British Isles company to secure a license to harvest, process and store hemp flowers for CBD oil production. The industry is set to grow worth £1 billion in 2025.
CBD Pillows: Is the Trend Getting Out of Hand?
Cannabidiol or CBD has achieved a substantial following in the marketplace, with many users touting its efficacy. One alleged benefit of CBD that creates a buzz is improved sleep, which is a strong reason why people want to try it.
The usual forms of CBD that are popular among buyers are CBD-infused gummy bears and CBD oil capsules or tincture. As trends go, manufacturers get creative by making CBD pillows that target individuals suffering from poor or deprived sleep.
A Consumer Report survey conducted recently revealed that 10% of Americans have used CBD products to improve their sleep. However, many of the respondents are yet to try CBD pillows, which in itself has an interesting concept.
In a study showcased in the journal Medicines, 409 respondents with insomnia initially rated their condition at 6.6 on average, with ten being the most severe. They were then treated with CBD in different combustion methods. The average rating after treatment went down to only 2.2, a significant decrease from the start.
However, there are still many questions regarding CBD for sleep, including the dosage, route, and timing. The effect of CBD in the sleep pattern of an individual also varies on a case-to-case basis.
Recent studies show that cannabis compounds can interact with the endocannabinoid system, or the receptors in the body, which include the brain. It is suggested that CBD affects the sleep and wake cycles due to one of these said receptors.
The CBD Pillow
The CBD pillow, the new addition to a broad range of cannabidiol products, works through micro-encapsulation. It is the process of capturing microscopic CBD particles into capsules that protect the substance from oxidation, evaporation, and contamination. It can only be released via friction, specifically your head on the pillow.
The released CBD is then supposed to be taken up through skin and hair follicle absorption. By theory, more CBD can be released if you are more restless when sleeping.
As of writing, two companies have started marketing the micro-encapsulated CBD pillow, namely Brookstone and CBD Pillow.
How it helps
Cannabidiol is one of the most popular cannabis derivatives, taken from the source plant Cannabis sativa L. that also produces marijuana. It contains tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the substance that causes psychoactive effects for cannabis users. However, CBD has little to no THC content, which makes it non-intoxicating.
CBD is thought to interact with the endocannabinoid system, which then prompts several physiological reactions, including appetite, pain, and mood.
CBD Pillow VP of Content said the pillow is made to release CBD micro-doses for many days to help the user sustain a healthy nighttime routine. It also aims to introduce CBD and its number of alleged benefits, which includes sleep.
The prominent issue, however, is that most pieces of evidence are anecdotal. There aren’t many studies and research that offer solid proof regarding CBD’s benefits. The FDA is yet to present a framework for the use and sale of CBD, which industry players feel should be hastened so that more people can try cannabidiol for themselves.
CBD User Sues Former Employer for Firing Her After Testing Positive for Marijuana
A drug counselor from San Antonio who uses cannabidiol oil as part of her treatment regimen for multiple sclerosis has sued her ex-employer for sacking her following a positive result on a marijuana test.
The 48-year-old addiction counselor, Melanie Farr, works for a Management and Training Corporation in Utah, an institution offering rehabilitation programs that cater to incarcerated persons.
CBD oil for MS
Melanie Farr started using CBD oil last year, placing several drops under the tongue to alleviate her symptoms of multiple sclerosis. This condition is lifelong and debilitating, wherein the immune system starts attacking the body, resulting in damaged nerves in the spinal cord and brain.
In a statement to the San Antonio Express-News, Farr stated the CBD oil helped ease her pain and correct her gait, and even reduced her blood pressure.
The lawsuit filed by her legally cited her capability to perform on her job despite suffering from MS, stating that the disease could have had limited her from performing in her daily activities such as balancing, walking, working and caring for herself.
Farr stated her bosses knew that she was using CBD oil for her MS. She maintains that they have discussed it many times. She also pointed out that she has taken cannabidiol while working for the company for a long time.
She insisted that no one had ever asked or mentioned that she looked high while on the job.
Farr is a licensed counselor for chemical dependency since October 2018 and has been assigned to handle prisoners from the Dominguez State Jail in San Antonio. Her company is in contract with the Texas Department of Criminal Justice.
False-positive drug test
Farr’s physician suggested she try using cannabidiol to alleviate her MS symptoms. In the lawsuit, she stated that CBD oil has helped her walk better since her pain has lessened.
Last February 14, 2019, Farr underwent a random drug test sanctioned by her employer. She mentioned that she was taking CBD oil as per doctor’s recommendation to the administering technician. A week after the test, her results came back positive.
Despite providing a doctor’s note and several news articles showing false-positive incidences of CBD users being subjected to a drug test, the firm still fired Farr on March 8, 2019.
Atty. Michael V. Galo Jr., Farr’s lawyer, filed the lawsuit last February 20 in the San Antonio Federal Court. He cited the company’s unlawful discrimination against Farr’s condition.
The company is being accused of reckless indifference or malice towards the patient’s rights, which is stated on the Americans with Disabilities Act.
In a report published by researches in the Journal of Analytical Toxicology, a third of vape users with CBD-laced tinctures had gotten positive urine drug test results. The proponents hope the study will warn CBD users of the implications of drug testing, particularly when taking products that have unclear THC content.
John Hopkins School of Medicine associate professor Ryan Vandrey stated the perception that CBD products are THC-free is not always true. Roadside, workplace or criminal justice testing purposes could come up positive despite CBD being touted as non-intoxicating and legal under federal laws.
Four-time Champion Iditarod Musher Gives Race Dogs CBD Oil
Some 800 dogs have started the 975-mile journey with their mushers to conquer the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race on Sunday. Four-time winner Lance Mackey made news when he revealed giving CBD oil to his dogs against head veterinarian’s advice.
Mackey declined the suggestion, citing cannabidiol being excluded in the banned substances list found on the competition’s rulebook.
Enhancing recovery times
Lance Mackey, currently in fifth place at the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, revealed to the Anchorage Daily News that he has been giving his race dogs cannabidiol oil to improve their performance and recovery times.
Iditarod head veterinarian Stuart Nelson has discouraged the use of CBD oil for competing dogs. Still, Mackey went against advice, saying there is nothing in the race’s rule book that mentions CBD oil as a banned substance.
Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, is a derivative of Cannabis sativa L., which is also the source plant for marijuana, an addictive substance containing high tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) compound. On the other hand, CBD is non-intoxicating due to a shallow THC content that causes the high.
CBD for pets has become a famous market currently, with owners praising its health and wellness benefits for animals. It is commonly used to manage pain and treat seizures, among others, despite the federal government’s lack of official standards for the said substance.
Mackey, a cancer survivor, considered getting medical marijuana treatment throughout his four-year consecutive victories from 2007. However, Iditarod barred marijuana use by 2010. He reasoned the other mushers were jealous of his wins; that’s why the ban was enforced.
In 2011, a year after the marijuana ban, Mackey bags his fourth consecutive championship.
CBD oil for pets
CBD oil has gained popularity over recent years for being a miracle remedy for many illnesses. Users have been lauding its efficacy to health conditions like arthritis, chronic pain, anxiety and more.
CBD manufacturers have entered the market successfully, producing a variety of products like lotions, gummies, tinctures, and others. CBD pet products have also found a great reception from owners who are curious about cannabidiol for pets.
Cannabidiol-based products for pets are mostly in the form of treats or oil. They are said to deliver promising results for alleviating pain and anxiety. However, there aren’t many studies to solidify the effectiveness of these items.
Pet experts advise that it’s best to consult with the veterinarian about the pet’s specific condition and evaluate whether CBD oil can be one of the viable options to improve their well-being.
The Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race started on Sunday, with Paige Drobney, a Pennsylvania native from Cantwell Alaska, taking the lead last Wednesday. She was the first to leave among the mushers at the Ophir checkpoint.
The first to reach McGrath checkpoint was Jessie Royer who received handmade items as a token for the milestone.
The oldest musher to enter the race, Jim Lanier, 79 years old and a retired pathologist, withdrew from Iditarod last Tuesday at Rainy Pass for his well-being amid the virus outbreak.
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